by germinatrix | April 20th, 2009
I’ve been getting emails asking to re-post the Worm Composting advice that I compiled after doing a segment with the worms on The Bonnie Hunt Show – and even though I am NOT supposed to ever, ever re-use anything I did for Domino in ANY way … WHATEVER! Here it is – Wormy Love parts 1 & 2 mushed together in one long, but digestible post. What kind of Germinatrix would I be if I was intimidated by The Man? Just don’t tell on me, okay? This is just between us…
I love worms. All gardeners do – they are our allies in our campaign for healthy soil! These tiny wigglers make something so wonderful and important: the richest compost EVER – and composting with worms is so easy ANYBODY can do it! I wanted to make certain that any of you who want to make your own worm bins had the info … I didn’t expect any of you to be taking notes while watching The Bonnie Hunt Show! Things have to happen so FAST when doing these little televised ‘How-To’ segments – there is really no way you can understand, remember, and follow the steps for building your own bins and making your own worm compost – so Germi to the rescue! Follow these steps, and you can have the best compost, made by you (with a little help from the tiny slimy ones) that will have your garden practically bursting with joy!
So here are the basics – Compost is decomposed organic matter that is used as a soil amendment and fertilizer in our gardens and in our container plantings. If we make our own compost, then we know that it is absolutely organic, which is so important to the health of our planet, and to our own health and well-being …
especially if we grow our own vegetables!
Regular composting can be a little time consuming, and I like to keep things simple – that’s why I love my creepy crawly worms, because they’ll do all the hard work for you! All you need to do is give them a home, feed them your scraps, and in a few months you’ll have the richest, most nutritious organic compost that you made yourself!
This is REALLY fun to do with kids! Gardening is MAGIC, and this is one way kids can see how nature works to turn one thing into another! Just follow these steps, and enlist your young ones as your sidekicks – they’ll love it…
Now about getting your worms – online sources can be pretty pricey considering you probably have all the worms you need chomping on fallen leaves in your backyard right now. Herd them up if you are so inclined! If you live in an apartment, or don’t want to go digging around your property on a worm hunt (because you’ll need about 400 of them to start out) you can do what I did – go to a pet shop. I got 500 worms for $4.75! You can also get them at bait shops – or, you can get super special earthworms at Whole Foods … gotta love a grocery store that will sell you earthworms! Okay – off we go…
Step 1 – First, we get plastic tubs. You can get them anywhere pretty cheap – I like the Rubbermaid variety. For one worm bin, you need 2 plastic tubs that can fit one inside the other, with a lid.
Step 2 – Drill about 8 or 9 small holes in the bottom of one of the bins (bin #1) and stack it inside the other one. These are drainage holes, and the stuff that drains from worm composting into bin #2 is called ‘Worm Tea’, and it is great to water your plants with! All you need to do to get your te is unstuck the bins and pour your worm tea into a watering can or a spray bottle, and you’ve got some liquid fertilizer!
Step 3 - You’ll want to put some window screen that you’ve cut to fit into the bottom of bin #1. This is so the worms don’t crawl out of the drain holes.
Step 4 – Now it’s time to build the nest for your worms. Get a bunch of shredded newspaper and fill the bin about halfway up with it. The worms will live in this, but they’ll also eat it, so it’s going to disappear. You should add more shredded newspaper about once a month to keep the whole bin fluffy and aerated.
Step 5 – Now we sweeten the pot with a little soil. About a cup or so. Some soil from your yard is fine, or from your neighbors, or from a bag of soil you have leftover from potting up plants…
Step 6 – And it’s time to add the worms! Be gentle – don’t just dump them in… make friends with them! They work for you now, you want to be good to them…
Step 7 – So now we feed. Worms will eat all of your vegetable scraps, stale bread, coffee grounds, used tea bags… The worms will make the compost faster if the scraps are smaller, so I like to chop mine up. I love carrots, so my worms eat a lot of those. Potato peels – give them to the worms. Any icky lettuce from the outside of the head that you aren’t using for your salad… stick it in there! Eggshells, banana peels, stale pasta, you’ll be amazed at all the stuff your worms will nosh on!
The things you CAN’T feed them are OILS, MEATS, and DAIRY – they are very hard for worms to digest… and ONIONS, HOT PEPPERS, and ESPECIALLY LEMONS!!! These are too acidic… lemons will actually MELT the worms, so do not go there.
But don’t limit yourself to food scraps! Worms LOVE junk mail! They’ll eat cardboard! Dead plants? They LOVE them!
Now you have your worms all nice and cozy – just moisten the whole thing with a tiny bit of water to get things going … put on the lid to the bin, and put it in a warm, dark place … in your basement, or a corner of your garage; I even know people who have small worm bins under their sinks! If it isn’t too cold you can put them outside, but worms are most active when the temps are moderate.
Add new scraps about twice a week – worms will divide and create new worms to keep up with the food available to them. But try not to put in too much – about 2 cups in the beginning is good, and you can add more as your worms increase.
Remember to use the liquid that drains in your garden! Don’t throw out the WORM TEA!!! Use it as an organic liquid fertilizer to water your plants with!
Congrats! You’re COMPOSTING!!!
So, you are now a wrangler of worms, a farmer of compost. You probably want to know how to harvest this precious stuff!
You, being a good worm mommy or daddy, have fed them, moistened them, refreshed their bedding, and made sure not even the tiniest drop of oil or lemon juice nor the smallest bit of meat or dairy or onion got anywhere near your hard little workers. Good job! You’ve kept watch, and you have noticed that the worms have been voraciously devouring everything in sight – your bins are half full of lovely, chocolate cakey looking compost.
Don’t empty your bins! Gently push all of the compost to one side of the bin, and build a new nest on the other side.
Now, going forward from this point, only put the scraps in the new nest. Soon, the worms will start to migrate to the new nest full of scraps! Give them time – they’ll need a couple of weeks to fully take up residency in the new nest.
After you have given them time to set up their new shop, and you’ve poked around in the abandoned worm compost to make sure you aren’t evacuating a straggling worm family from the bin, you can harvest your compost.
Some people screen their compost – meaning they pass the stuff through a mesh screen to catch the solids that haven’t been fully processed (they’ll also catch worms that are trying to take the easy way out!). I don’t do this – I’m getting the wormy goodness into my garden beds asap! I don’t have time for any obsessive compulsive garden chores! So as far as I’m concerned, the chunks and the awol worms can make themselves at home in my garden – the chunks will eventually decompose, and the few worms that piggybacked on the compost will just have to do their work in the big bad world instead of the cozy bins.
Worm compost is like a supercharged vitamin – use it to pump up your vegetable beds, to make your ornamentals stronger and more resistant to bad bugs, and to give any planting a big ‘oomph’. And be proud that you made it!
As far as the worm tea – the drainage that collects in the bottom of the outer bin – I get about a cup a week, and I’ll put about a quarter of that into a spray bottle and spray that onto the leaves of whatever plants need it most (this summer it was all about the tomatoes – right now I have some mandarins that are reaping the misty rewards). The rest goes into a watering can, which I will then fill up with water, and sprinkle worm juice wherever I see fit. Worm tea is power. Whoever wields it has the awesome responsibility of using it wisely!
So now you have everything you need to go forth and conquer! Go! Recycle your scraps into the best organic fertilizer for your garden!
Your garden feels better already!